GAMBARAN PEMBERIAN IMUNISASI DASAR PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS MARGADADI KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU
In 2020, it’s been noted that the cause of postnatal death is due to pneumonia 73.9%, diarrhea 14.5%, meningitis etc. Since COVID-19 has disrupted health services, the national complete basic immunization coverage is 83.3%. This precentage has not met the 2020 strategic plan target (92.9%), including the West Java which only reached 83.7%. In addition, the number of infant deaths in Indramayu Regency is still high. Immunization is an important health service that aims to protecting children from death-caused diseases. This reasearch aims to determine the description of basic immunization during the COVID-19 in the Margadadi Health Center, Indramayu Regency.
This research used descriptive quantitative and retrospective approach. The number of infant population is 787. It also used total sampling, secondary data and univariate data analysis. The result shows that the Achievement of HB immunization 0-7 days is 88.7%, BCG is 83.2%, Polio 1 is 82.7%, Polio 2 is 77.8%, Polio 3 is 75.6%, Polio 4 is 78.7%, DPT/ HB/HIB 1 is 79.4%, DPT/HB/HIB 2 is 74.7%, DPT/HB/HIB 3 is 76%, Measles is 82.5%, and the number infants who has been immunised is 16.6%.
The description of basic immunization during the covid-19 has not yet fully achieved due to difficult access, the main focus of health services for covid-19 patients, the implementation of PKM, physical-social distancing, self-isolation, parental concerns about pandemic conditions, as well as delays in the distribution of vaccines for basic immunization. It is hoped that health workers will increase outreach activities on basic immunization, extend infant immunizations, and provide immunization services while implementing Covid-19 health protocols.
Irawati, N. A. V. (2020). Imunisasi Dasar dalam Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Kedokteran Unila, 4(2), 205–210. http://juke.kedokteran.unila.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/2898/2820
Kemenkes. (2020). Buku Saku Info Vaksin. https://dinkes.jatimprov.go.id/userimage/dokumen/Buku Saku.pdf
Kepala Biro Komunikasi dan Pelayanan Masyarakat Kemenkes RI. (2021). Cakupan Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Baru 58,4%, Kemenkes Dorong Pemda Kejar Target. Sehat Negeriku.Kemenkes.Go.Id. https://sehatnegeriku.kemkes.go.id/baca/rilis-media/20211130/3038902/cakupan-imunisasi-dasar-lengkap-baru-584-kemenkes-dorong-pemda-kejar-target/
Nurhasanah, I. (2021). Pelayanan Imunisasi di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Dan Kebidanan, 12(1), 104–108.
Puskesmas Margadadi. (2021). Laporan Imunisasi di Puskesmas Margadadi periode Januari-Oktober 2021.
RI, K. (2020a). Buletin Survilans PD31 & Imunissi. Kemenkes RI. http://p2p.kemkes.go.id/buletin-surveilans-pd3i-imunisasi-edisi-2-juli-2020/
RI, K. (2020b). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2020. In Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2020.
Suhendra, A. D., Asworowati, R. D., & Ismawati, T. (2020). imunisasi dasar pada bayi usia 0-11 bulan di desa dolok merawan pada bulan februari-juli 2020. Akrab Juara, 5(1), 43–54. http://www.akrabjuara.com/index.php/akrabjuara/article/view/919